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About Colorado


Colorado

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Colorado
State of Colorado
Nickname(s): 
Motto(s): 
Nil sine numine
(English: Nothing without providence)
Anthem: Where the Columbines Grow and Rocky Mountain High[1]
Map of the United States with Colorado highlighted
Map of the United States with Colorado highlighted
Country United States
Admitted to the Union August 1, 1876[2](38th)
Capital
(and largest city)
Denver
Largest metro Denver-Aurora-Lakewood, CO MSA
Government
 
 • Governor Jared Polis (D)
 • Lieutenant Governor Dianne Primavera (D)
Legislature General Assembly
 • Upper house Senate
 • Lower house House of Representatives
U.S. senators Michael Bennet (D)
Cory Gardner (R)
U.S. House delegation 4 Democrats
3 Republicans (list)
Area
 
 • Total 104,094 sq mi (269,837 km2)
 • Land 103,718 sq mi (268,875 km2)
 • Water 376 sq mi (962 km2)  0.36%
Area rank 8th
Dimensions
 
 • Length 380 mi (610 km)
 • Width 280 mi (450 km)
Elevation
 
6,800 ft (2,070 m)
Highest elevation 14,440 ft (4,401.2 m)
Lowest elevation
(Arikaree River[4][5] at the Kansas border)
3,317 ft (1,011 m)
Population
 (2019)
 • Total 5,758,736
 • Rank 21st
 • Density 52.0/sq mi (19.9/km2)
 • Density rank 37th
 • Median household income
 
$69,117[7]
 • Income rank
 
12th
Demonym(s) Coloradan
Language
 
 • Official language English
Time zone UTC−07:00(Mountain)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−06:00 (MDT)
USPS abbreviation
CO
ISO 3166 code US-CO
Latitude 37°N to 41°N
Longitude 102°02′48″W to 109°02′48″W
Website www.colorado.gov
   

Colorado (/ˌkɒləˈræd, -ˈrɑːd/ (About this soundlisten), other variants)[8][9][10] is a state of the Western United States encompassing most of the southern Rocky Mountains as well as the northeastern portion of the Colorado Plateau and the western edge of the Great Plains. It is the 8th most extensive and 21st most populous U.S. state. The estimated population of Colorado is 5,758,736 as of 2019, an increase of 14.5% since the 2010 United States Census.[11]

The region has been inhabited by Native Americans for more than 13,000 years, with the Lindenmeier Site containing artifacts dating from approximately 11200 BC to 3000 BC; the eastern edge of the Rocky Mountains was a major migration route for early peoples who spread throughout the Americas. The state was named for the Colorado River, which early Spanish explorers named the Río Colorado ("Red River") for the ruddy silt the river carried from the mountains. The Territory of Colorado was organized on February 28, 1861,[12] and on August 1, 1876, U.S. President Ulysses S. Grant signed Proclamation 230 admitting Colorado to the Union as the 38th state.[2] Colorado is nicknamed the "Centennial State" because it became a state one century after the signing of the United States Declaration of Independence.

Colorado is bordered by Wyoming to the north, Nebraska to the northeast, Kansas to the east, Oklahoma to the southeast, New Mexico to the south, Utah to the west, and touches Arizona to the southwest at the Four Corners. Colorado is noted for its vivid landscape of mountains, forests, high plains, mesas, canyons, plateaus, rivers and desert lands. Colorado is part of the westernand southwestern United States and is one of the Mountain States.

Denver is the capital and most populous city of Colorado. Residents of the state are known as Coloradans, although the antiquated term "Coloradoan" is occasionally used.[13][14]